Indonesia & Philippines
Pedang Jenawi Besar Long Sword from Kalimantan (Borneo)
Origin: Kalimantan (Borneo)
Date: Late 18 - early 19 C.
Pedang Jenawi Besar , literally “Big Straight Sword” is indeed as described in its name: Long heavy straight blade, reminds in a way early Islamic sword and European medieval swords. It originates in Negara, South Borneo, Banjarmasin region.
Sometime in the late 18C. toward the mid 19C. the use of long and heavy straight blades was neglected in favor of the Beladah Belabang (Better known a Parang Nabur), shorter and lighter and more effective saber. Indeed hilt construction and mounts show much resemblance of the two swords.,
Long wide and heavy blade with a wide fuller on its entire length. The top of the blade is filed and engraved in an elephant trunk theme (Rarely seen on these swords). It should be noted that the blade quality is above average seen on these swords or similar swords. Wood handle painted black with red inscription on the pommel ” L.P.:P.: ??” “The dragon blood colors). Massive brass cross guard with down curving quillons and pierced brass collar. The tip of the tang is fastened to the pommel with a butterfly brass nut. Wood scabbard painted black and red and bound with brass bands (two missing).
Blade 26 inches, Total length 33 inches. very good condition. Old repair on the brass cross guard.
For similar swords see:
Albert G. van Zonneveld Traditionele Wapens van Borneo pages 174 -177 (This sword P. 175)
Deutsches Klingemuseum Solingen Exhibition : ” Steel and Magic, Edged Weapons of the Malay Archipelago” item 53
IFICAH International Foundation of Indonesian Culture and Asian Heritage, Hollenstedt, Germany
About item 15112
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